After The Caliphate: To Repatriate Or Not To Repatriate?

As international coalition forces seize the last vestiges of territory in Syria under the control of Islamic State militants since 2015, authorities in the United States, Europe, Russia, and Central Asia are grappling with a new dilemma.

How should they deal with their own citizens – both men and women — who traveled to the Middle East to join the extremist group?

And what should they do about the hundreds of children born to such IS fighters and their brides?