Germany’s far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party won a legal victory against the country’s domestic spy agency on Tuesday.
The party complained that the Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV) had defamed the party by publicly treating it as a “test case.”
A test case classification means the BfV can use open-source material to investigate whether the party poses a threat to the constitutional order. It does not allow the BfV to use undercover agents or other intelligence methods to collect information. Authorities can declare a party a test case if they detect the first signs of extremism.