The true cost of faked hate crimes: Should we punish fraudulent victims as vigorously as real criminals?

Some years ago I was introduced to one notion of how to tackle dishonest and insincere accusations of racism. The idea was not just that there should be a social cost to making a dishonest claim, but that the cost should equal that borne by somebody who is accurately and correctly identified as a racist. Without such a disincentive, there is no reason (other than decency and honesty, which may sometimes be in short supply) for people not to level such accusations insincerely.

Since Monday night I have been wondering, amid much else, whether some similar aspiration could be encouraged regarding hate crimes