Kyiv Archivist Discovers Ersatz Bread Samples From Ukraine’s 1932-33 Famine

KYIV — Samples of ersatz bread from the Stalin-era famine that Ukrainians call the Holodomor have been discovered among criminal records in Kyiv, shedding new light on the 1932-33 calamity that killed millions of Ukrainians.

The discovery of the records by an employee at Ukraine’s Central State Archives of Public Organizations also includes two notes written to “future generations” by a Kyiv church choir conductor who ultimately was sent to the gulag in Siberia for saving the scraps as evidence of what Soviet authorities were calling “bread” in the midst of “terrible hunger.”

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