The girl who witnessed Kristallnacht

Eighty years ago the Nazis’ persecution of the Jews suddenly turned violent in a night of mayhem. This and the next day are known as Kristallnacht, the night of broken glass – and there are still some who remember it vividly.

“Our father took me and my little sister in his arms that night, and said, ‘this is the beginning of a very difficult time, and we’ll try to live through it’.”

Ruth Winkelmann is now 90, but looks far younger than her years. Her eyes are a bright hazel as she looks up at the sky above the roof terrace of her old Jewish primary school in the heart of eastern Berlin.

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