A neighbour had just walked past when an explosion tore through a small, white house in the Spanish coastal town of Alcanar last August.
Debris was flung hundreds of metres by the force of the blast and the bodies of two men landed in nearby gardens. A third man who had been on a roof terrace talking on his phone survived.
The next day a van attack was launched on pedestrians in Barcelona’s central tourist avenue, Las Ramblas. Hours later there was another attack, in Cambrils, a coastal town. Sixteen people died and more than 130 were injured.
Catalonia had come under attack from a jihadist gang of 11 people.