Since the election of Barack Obama, an admitted progressive, there are misconceptions of the origins, values, and strands of progressivism. Who were the original progressives? Where did their ideas come from? What motivated their actions? What goals for society and government did they have? What social doctrines influenced their convergence? Is past progressive ideology relative to our current progressivism? The past and present Progressive Eras are as dissimilar as heaven is to hell.