The insufficiency’s and inefficiencies of the criminal investigations are the heart of impunity in Mexico, above all in crimes of major impact, signalled a study of the incompetence of prosecutors offices of the country, carried out by the investigator Guillermo Zepeda Lecuona.
In a press conference, Federico Reyes Heroles, president of the organization Zero Impunity, told of the study” State Indices of unemployment of Prosecutors Offices”, whose result is that in Mexico it is more probable to get a double win in the National Lottery than solve a crime, which currently stands at a rate of 1 to 0.9 % respectively.
According to the study, only 9.7% of the crimes committed are reported in the country. Of these, only 65% are investigated. This means that only 6.4% of the crimes committed in the country are investigated. According to these numbers, the un-investigated figure, for authorities is 93.6%.
Therefore, the effectiveness of investigations based on the parameters of determining whether or not there is an offence to be prosecuted, and if there is a probable perpetrator, or some other form of resolution is 14.1%.
The figure distributed is 10.2% in the traditional system, and 18.1% in the new criminal justice system.
The study ” State Performance Index” concludes that, just a few months after the deadline for the implementation of the new criminal justice system in the whole country, the capacity for criminal investigation has deteriorated, this means that 15 years ago, 23% of the cases and today only 14%.
The States of Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, Guanajuato and Baja California are the only ones in which professionalization and management models are applied with greater efficiency.
According to the study, only nine out of every 20 arrest warrants issued by local judges result in the arrest of the probable perpetrator. In addition, only one in ten Mexicans actually trust a lot in the local public ministry.
A disturbing fact is that, in the accusatory system, one in three cases in which it is determined that there is no crime to pursue, is done without having carried out an investigation, explained Reyes Heroles.
In addition, he informed that, before the criminal reform, in Mexico, the victims pardon was resolved between 8% and 10.5% of the preliminary inquiries.
With the new system, the are solved by alternative mechanisms in the country, on average 6.4% of cases are resolved with the research files.
All this, despite the training and certification of the facilitators, such as public ministries and Judges.