Jihad Joris: Dutch Converts Waging Jihad in Syria and Iraq

In mid 2012, the European intelligence and security community was confronted with a sudden outflow of citizens traveling to Syria, and later to Iraq. Quickly after its violent escalation in 2011, the Syrian uprising seemed to attract large numbers of religiously motivated combatants from all over the world. The Netherlands was no exception as the flow of foreign fighters travelling to Syria and Iraq had grown from a few dozen in late 2012 and early 2013 to nearly 300 in 2017.

Although the academic interest for the phenomenon has increased over the course of the past years, the amount of systematic analysis of who these men and women are seems to linger – with few, yet valuable, exceptions.

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