Islam in France: Swimsuits on trial

The real question over the burkini controversy is whether all Muslims living in France, as in other western democratic societies, will accept western values. The better part of wisdom is to allow the burkini ban to stand

In 1871, Karl Marx published a pamphlet, The Civil War in France, discussing the fight between the Commune radical group that had ruled Paris for a few months and the national government that resulted in more than 20,000 casualties.

The Commune attempted to institute political and social reforms, particularly the separation of church and state, and better social conditions.

In summer 2016, a political and legal civil war has erupted in France on what is not simply a trivial issue of women’s swimsuits, but also raises important and controversial issues of Islamic identity within a secular society, adherence to French law and custom, and freedom of expression.