In Germany, those who return from fighting for “Islamic State” end up in court for supporting a terrorist organization. Fundamentally speaking, this should happen in Albania, too. Yet, contrary to the trials in Germany, there has not been a single case taken up there against a jihadist who returned from Syria, even though, according to Albanian law, the participation in an armed conflict outside of the country is punishable by years in jail.
Sander Lleshi, a security consultant to Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama, said that “because most of the returnees are afraid of punishment,” they go underground when they return. “Our organizations are aware of this. But I also have to say that today it’s rare that a fighter would leave the country and head to Syria, thanks to the good coordination of our officers.”