An estimated 60 individuals who have fought with terrorist organizations overseas are currently back in Canada, according to Canada’s top intelligence agency.
The Canadian Security Intelligence Service Director Michel Coulombe told a Senate national security committee on Monday that about 180 individuals “with a nexus to Canada” are fighting with terrorist groups overseas. About 100 of them are in Iraq and Syria.
Coulombe noted that the number of individuals who are suspected of having returned from fighting overseas has dropped to 60 from 80 individuals that CSIS said it was monitoring in 2014.
He said some of those individuals have since left Canada again, while the agency determined that others were not actually involved in terrorist activities after further investigation.
Coulombe added that an estimated 90 to 100 individuals in Canada are looking to leave the country to fight with terrorist groups overseas, but he noted that the number is very difficult to track.
“There are a number of people who, actually, we learn of them leaving after the fact,” he said. “So that number does not capture the actual scale of the phenomenon.”
When asked why the 60 or so individuals who the agency suspects have returned to Canada after fighting overseas have not been charged, Coulombe said having information about threat-related activities does not necessarily mean that the charges can be laid in Canada.
“The threshold for us to launch an investigation, and the threshold to charge somebody under the Criminal Code, there’s a fair bit of a difference here,” he said. “Being able to prove that the person was actually in Iraq or Syria fighting or financing (terrorist groups)…is a difficult task.”