The year of terror in Europe

The year 2015 began as it ended: with shots ringing out in terror attacks in the heart of Paris. In January, the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo and a Jewish supermarket were the targets. Seventeen people died. In November, Islamist terrorists killed 130 people in Paris and at the Stade de France. France and the whole of Europe reacted with shock. In January, President Francois Hollande spoke of a monstrous barbarism; now, at the end of the year, he sees the country as being at war against the powerful “Islamic State” group, which operates in Syria, Iraq and North Africa. “What happened yesterday in Paris and the Stade de France was an act of war”, said Hollande on November 14, the day after the attacks. “In war the state has to make proportionate decisions. The act of war was carried out by a terrorist organization of the Islamist ‘Daesh,’ against France and against the values which we defend, in the whole world, against every free country.”