Europe’s stark choice on migrants: spend billions in Turkey, or see migrant influx grow

Ask Syrian families camped out in the parks and metro stations of Istanbul why they are desperate to get to Europe, even to risk their lives doing so, and one word keeps cropping up: school.

Syrian Arab Sunnis, Kurds, Shia – they may be separated by faith or language, but the determination to give their children a future is one thing they all share.

They also increasingly share the view that there is no such future in either Syria or Turkey.