On October 30, 2014, Iranian intellectual Mohammad Maleki, a former president of Tehran University and a critic of the Iranian regime, published an open letter to the people of Iran in the online daily Roozonline.com. In the letter, he wondered why U.S. and European leaders are shocked by ISIS’ beheadings yet ignore the brutal crimes that the Iranian regime has been committing ever since its establishment against its own people and the people of the region. Maleki argued that the Iranian regime, under its founder Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and his successor Ali Khamenei – who are the Iranian equivalents of ISIS leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi – is the same as ISIS because it too executes people systematically and brutally violates the human rights of many prisoners. Maleki pointed to the mass killing of Iranian prisoners, especially of militants from the oppositionist Mojahedeen-e Khalq organization who were sentenced during the 1980s in disregard for their rights and subjected to physical and psychological torture. He claimed that the West even helped the Iranian regime by giving it a free hand in Iraq after Saddam Hussein’s ouster and letting it act against Iranian oppositionists there, in collaboration with then-Iraqi president Nouri Al-Maliki, who is an Iranian lackey.