“…Broadly speaking, between 40% and 45% of European Muslims have fundamentalist religious ideas, that is they agree with the three definitions of the term. Austria is the country with the highest percentage, 55%, while Germany has the lowest, 30%”, explains Koopmans.
According to the scientist, fundamentalism is not a marginal phenomenon among Muslims in Western Europe. “Although a majority of Muslims have more liberal views of the religion, this minority of fundamentalist Muslims is significant”, underlines the researcher who adds that although these attitudes are widespread “they are not universal among European Muslims”.
The results show that if first and second generations are considered and if each definition is taken independently, almost 60% would return to the roots of Islam, 75% think there is only one interpretation of the Koran possible to which every Muslim should stick, and 65% say that religious rules are more important to them than the rules of the country in which they live. “However in second generation Muslims the levels are slightly lower (between 50% and 70%),” states the expert.
…In the case of Islamic fundamentalists, more than 70% of followers feel hostility towards homosexuals, Jews and Westerners”