Art is permitted to survive only if it renounces the right to be different, and integrates itself into the omnipotent realm of the profane. — Theodor Adorno

The religious and the secular came to a head at the offices of the newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris this week. Saïd Kouachi and Chérif Kouachi, French citizens of North African ancestry, armed with Kalashnikov rifles opened fire, killing 12 people and wounding 11 in an Islamist terror attack. The attackers were heard shouting “Allahu akbar,” and “the Prophet has been avenged.” Charlie Hebdo is a satirical newspaper, published weekly, that produces satire in the form of caricatures, scrappy opinion pieces and jokes from a left-wing perspective