Current Wave of Islamist Violence Poses Existential Threat to Middle East Christians, says Bat Ye’or

Bat Ye’or said that the current wave of anti-Christian persecution and religious violence in the Middle East must be understood in terms of the historical systems of jihad and dhimmitude. Ye’or originally coined the term dhimmitude to describe the “particular, elaborate system of second-class citizenship” experienced by Jews and Christians, or dhimmis (“protected ones”), in Islamic civilization. Historically, this system required Jews and Christians to pay an extra tax, refrain from public expressions of their faith and criticisms of Islam, accept a legal order that privileged Muslim testimony, and submit to Muslim rule – all as preconditions for “protection” or survival in Muslim-controlled lands.

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