Here in Canada, living a life with a wife and children, and to operate a household, one has to make a great struggle. The husband / man is busy at work from Monday to Friday, from morning to evening. And if things are difficult than one has to work on Saturday and Sunday also. During the day it is also necessary to drop the children at school and madresa. There are times when one has to take the children to the doctor’s office also. And at times, there are other essential chores besides the above which are necessary to fulfill. It is very difficult for the man of the house to complete all of these chores due to the job. In fact, many a times, due to the overload of the responsibilities it also becomes a means of disputes and arguments in the house. So in such circumstances, would it be permissible for a woman to drive a car?
To the extent of necessity, it is permissible for a woman to drive, whether the necessity be of a materialistic or a religious nature. Yes, this fact is definite that a necessity be kept in the level of necessity and should not exceed it. There is a general principle (of fiqh) that a necessity be kept until the extent of necessity. Driving for sisters will not be permissible for leisure and going around unnecessarily.
If a woman drives a car for necessity, than it will be compulsory that she abides by and considers all the regulations regarding hijab and veiling. There should be no unveiling and display in any form.
(Rad with Dur pg: 523 vol. 4)
Note: It should be borne in mind that sisters should only learn driving from sisters. It is not permissible for a woman to learn how to drive from a man (strange man/ non mahram). Men instructing women and women learning from men is not permissible in the view of the shariah
Mufti Yusuf Panchbhaya
Darul Ifta of Madresa Ashraful Uloom
Darul Iftaa of CCMT
Welcome to Toronto Ladies
And welcome to Calgary Girls…
“And give not (your daughters) in marriage to Al-Mushrikoon till they believe (in Allaah Alone) and verily, a believing slave is better than a (free) Mushrik (idolater), even though he pleases you. Those (Al-Mushrikoon) invite you to the Fire…” [al-Baqarah 2:221]
And because Islam should prevail and not be prevailed over, as is stated in the religion of Islam.
Last, the saheeh evidence indicates that a woman is not allowed to travel or reside except with a mahram. This is part of the perfection and greatness of Islam, which protects honour, and honours and takes care of women, and strives to protect them and guard them against the causes of temptation and deviation, whether she is the one who is tempted or is the source of temptation.
h/t Sanwin & Munimula